Cerebellar stimulation in man

Cover of: Cerebellar stimulation in man |

Published by Raven Press in New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Brain stimulation -- Therapeutic use.,
  • Movement disorders.,
  • Nervous system -- Diseases.,
  • Cerebellum.,
  • Electrotherapy.,
  • Epilepsy -- Therapy.,
  • Movement disorders -- Therapy.,
  • Muscle tonus.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies and index.

Book details

Statementedited by I.S. Cooper.
ContributionsCooper, I. S. 1922-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRC350.B72 C47
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 222 p. :
Number of Pages222
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4563405M
ISBN 100890042063
LC Control Number77076925

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Cerebellar Stimulation in Man by I. Cooper (Editor) starting at $ Cerebellar Stimulation in Man has 1 available editions to buy at Half Price Books Marketplace. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Cerebellar stimulation in man.

New York: Raven Press, © (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors. Wood JH, Ziegler MG, & Lake CR, et al: Elevations in cerebral spinal fluid norepinephrine during unilateral and bilateral cerebellar stimulation in man.

Neurosurgery 1: –Wood JH, Ziegler MG, Lake CR, et al: Elevations in cerebral spinal fluid norepinephrine during unilateral and bilateral cerebellar stimulation in by:   Two spastic patients undergoing chronic cerebellar stimulation are studied.

Biopsies taken after three months of stimulation showed various tissue changes when compared with those taken at the moment of electrode implantation.

The most important alterations in the cerebellar cortex were adhesions round the electrodes, with a scarring reaction, gliosis, and loss of Purkinje by: 3. cerebellar surface stimulation in man: technical aspects Chronic stimulation for human motor disorders was introduced by Cooper et al.

1 in Electrodes were implanted over the superior surface of the cerebellum (Figure ) and Cerebellar stimulation in man book from a passive radiofrequency receiver implanted under the skin of the chest by: 3.

Abstract. Non invasive brain stimulation (NIBS), encompassing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), is becoming more and more promising as a novel procedure to modulate cerebellar functions and as therapy for cerebellar patients.

Cerebellar stimulation has been previously reported in the treatment of cerebral palsy, spasticity, dystonia, and epilepsy. Pioneering work in the area of cerebellar stimulation began with animal studies that demonstrated that stimulation of the anterior vermis leads to an inhibition of decerebrate rigidity.

Abstract. Stimulation of various parts of the nervous system has been employed for treatment of several motor disorders for some time. Although directly implanted dorsal cord stimulators have been used for the management of pain since [86], the first published report of the use of spinal cord stimulation in motor disorders did not appear until when Cook et al.

[7] reported. 1. Introduction. In a previous paper (Ugawa et al., ) we showed that electrical stimulation of the cerebellum could produce transient suppression of electromyographic (EMG) responses evoked by magnetic stimulation, and that this effect was absent in some patients with cerebellar ataxia (Ugawa et al., a; Ugawa et al., c; Ugawa et al., a).

When neurons don’t get enough stimulation, they become unstable and lead to many behavioral problems, such as those associated with ADHD.

However, exercising the cerebellum can increase functioning and reduce negative symptoms. Exercises that require focused attention have been shown to help cerebellar development. COOPER, I.S. & GILMAN, S. Chronic stimulation of the cerebellar cortex in the therapy of epilepsy in the human.

In Field, W.S. (Ed.) ‘Neural Organization and its Relevance to Proesthetics’. New York: Intercontinental Book Corp.,pp. – Google Scholar. Cerebellar stimulation is a system of physical exercises aimed at improving functions of the cerebellum and basal ganglia – brain structures actively participating in the formation of movements, speech, coordination acts.

It was developed based on the North American program “Learning Breakthrough”. Abstract. Chronic cerebellar electrical Stimulation has been one of the most controversial problems in the literature since Cooper et al.

3 first reported the clinical and physiological effects of Stimulation of the paleocerebellum in man. Upton ARM: Neurophysiological aspects of spasticity and cerebellar stimulation, in Cooper IS (ed): Cerebellar Stimulation in Man.

New York: Raven Press,pp – Upton ARM: Neurophysiological aspects of spasticity and cerebellar stimulation, in Cooper IS (ed): Cerebellar Stimulation in Man. New York: Raven Press,pp – Cooper IS, Amin I, & Gilman S: The effect of chronic cerebellar stimulation upon epilepsy in man.

Trans Am Neurol Assoc –Cooper IS, Amin I, Gilman S: The effect of chronic cerebellar stimulation upon epilepsy in man. Trans Am Neurol Assoc –, Search Google Scholar; Export Citation; 3. Carrea, R. E., and & Mettler, F. Physiologic consequences following extensive removal of the cerebellar cortex and deep cerebellar nuclei and effect of secondary cerebral ablations in the primate.

comp. Neurol.,– Carrea, R. E., and Mettler, F. Physiologic consequences following extensive removal of the cerebellar. The focus of his career for more than 20 years has been the study of cerebellar disorders, from a clinical and basic science point of view. He published more than peer reviewed scientific articles and 15 book chapters on cerebellar topics and he is the editor of 6 books on cerebellar disorders.

This cerebellar stimulation also improved a lab animal's ability to estimate the passage of time, which is a cognitive deficit often observed in human beings with schizophrenia. What are some of the physiological cerebellar mechanisms associated to motor learning. Using first transcranial electrical stimulation [] and later TMS [] Ugawa and colleagues demonstrated that stimulation over the cerebellum resulted in modulation of the responses to a second stimulus delivered over the primary motor cortex (M1).This group and others mapped the characteristics of this effect.

Neuroph vsiol.,CEREBELLAR INFLUENCES ON kEG lateral and contralateral to the cerebellar area stimulated. In Fig. 2, B note that the effects of cerebellar stimulation superimposed on slow (6 7/sec) activity induces low voltage activity with slight change in frequency.

A cerebellar-like terminal and postural tremor induced in normal man by transcranial magnetic stimulation. H Topka Departments of Neurology and Neuroradiology, University of Tübingen, Germany. Cerebellar TMS • Depth of Stimulation • Proximity to neck muscles.

Zangen et al. Clin Neurophysiol, () Deeper Stimulation Double Cone Coil H-Coil Used in publications: Cerebellum 68 Brainstem Motor/supp motor (Ugawa: induced current flowing up.

Ocular Reactions in Man From Deep Cerebellar Stimulation and Lesions. Blaine S. Nashold Jr., MD; D. Graham Slaughter, MD; James P. Gills, MD. Author Affiliations. Durham, NC. From the Department of Surgery (Drs. Nashold and Slaughter) and divisions of neurosurgery and ophthalmology (Dr. Gills), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Abstract. Purpose: The cerebellum is involved in a wide number of integrative functions, but its role in pain experience and in the nociceptive information processing is poorly understood. In healthy volunteers we evaluated the effects of transcranial cerebellar direct current stimulation (tcDCS) by studying the changes in the perceptive threshold, pain intensity at given stimulation.

Robert Galbraith Heath (May 9, – Septem ) was an American psychiatrist. He followed the theory of biological psychiatry that organic defects were the sole source of mental illness, and that consequently mental problems were treatable by physical means.

He published papers and three books. One of his first papers is dated Heath founded the Department of Psychiatry. Transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of intractable or marginally tractable pain is experiencing an increasing diffusion in many fields worldwide.

Recently, new modality of tDCS application has been proposed and applied, as cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (ctDCS). Indeed, the cerebellum has been proved to play a role in pain processing and to be involved. Penn RD, Etzel ML. Chronic cerebellar stimulation and developmental reflexes.

J Neurosurg. Apr; 46 (4)– Upton AR, Cooper IS. Some neurophysiological effects of cerebellar stimulation in man. Can J Neurol Sci.

Nov; 3 (4)– Wood. involves cerebellar-M1 paired-associative stimulation (CB-M1 PAS) [19]. This paradigm is thought to induce spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP), by repeatedly pairing ( pairs at a frequency of Hz) a cerebellar afferent input with M1 suprathreshold TMS at different intervals (2, 6 and 10 ms).

The effects of these forms of cerebellar. Non-invasive cerebellar stimulation is the application of non-invasive neurostimulation techniques on the cerebellum to modify its electrical activity. Techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) or transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can be cerebellum is a high potential target for neuromodulation of neurological and psychiatric disorders due to the high.

Cooper IS, Gilman S: Chronic stimulation of the cerebellar cortex in the therapy of epilepsy in the human, in Field WS (ed): Neural Organization and Its Relevance to Prosthetics. New York, Intercontinental Book Corp,pp cerebellar excitability can be assessed in humans, although invasive perioperative electrical stimulation of cerebellar lob-ulesVI,VIIandIXmaygeneratemovements[18].Therefore, research in this field has relied on the inhibitory tone the cerebellar cortex exerts over the contralateral M1 via the thalamus [12, 13, 19].

Initial studies applied rTMS. Cerebellar stimulation in the rat: complex stimulation‐bound oral behaviors and self‐stimulation. Physiol Be – Bashir S, Edwards D & Pascual‐Leone A (). Neuronavigation increases the physiologic and behavioral effects of low‐frequency rTMS of primary motor cortex in healthy subjects.

Brain Top 54– New York: Intercontinental Medical Book Corp,pp – Cooper IS, Gilman S: Chronic stimulation of the cerebellar cortex in the therapy of epilepsy in the human, in Fields WS (ed): Neural Organization and Its Relevance to Prosthetics. New York: Intercontinental Medical Book Corp,pp.

The purpose of the study is to explore cerebellar stimulation as a potential new treatment to restore frontal activity and cognitive function in autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and Parkinson's ts will be brought in for 5 to 6 separate visits, with cerebellar or sham TMS stimulation twice per day for 5 days, as well as 3.

The first systematic attempts to control seizures by deep brain stimulation (DBS) were performed by Cooper et al., and Riklan et al. who, inimplanted over patients and reported more than 80% seizure control by chronic stimulation of the cerebellum in patients with pharmacologically intractable epilepsy.

Inhowever, VanBuren et al. performed a controlled. It is a similar technique to DBS, but works in the cerebellar portion of the brain. At this time there is little information about the use of this technology in humans. POLICY Deep brain stimulation does not require prior authorization.

Cortical stimulation does not require prior authorization. Cerebellar stimulation. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. The tDCS over the right cerebellar hemisphere was applied through two sponge electrodes (surface area = 25 cm 2) moistened with a saline electrode was centred on the right cerebellar cortex, 1 cm under, and 4 cm lateral to the inion (approximately comparable to the projection of cerebellar lobule VII onto the scalp).

The cerebellum is involved in the update of motor commands during error-dependent learning. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a form of noninvasive brain stimulation, has been shown to increase cerebellar excitability and improve learning in motor adaptation tasks. Although cerebellar involvement has been clearly demonstrated in adaptation paradigms, a type of task that heavily.

Changes in the response to magnetic and electrical stimulation of the motor cortex following muscle stretch in man. J Physiol. Feb; – [PMC free article] Edgley SA, Eyre JA, Lemon RN, Miller S. Excitation of the corticospinal tract by electromagnetic and electrical stimulation of the scalp in the macaque monkey.

Select ion of ou r books inde xed in the Boo marginally tra ctable pain is experien cing an increasin g diffusion in man y fields. While sham and cathodal cerebellar stimulation had no. The investigators concluded that cerebellar magnetic stimulation used in combination with physiotherapy may be an effective, noninvasive, low .A tremor is an involuntary, somewhat rhythmic, muscle contraction and relaxation involving oscillations or twitching movements of one or more body parts.

It is the most common of all involuntary movements and can affect the hands, arms, eyes, face, head, vocal folds, trunk, and tremors occur in the hands. In some people, a tremor is a symptom of another neurological disorder.The purpose of the study is to explore cerebellar stimulation as a potential new treatment to restore frontal activity and cognitive function in autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and Parkinson's ts will be brought in for 5 to 6 separate visits, with cerebellar or sham TMS stimulation twice per day for 5 days, as well as 3.

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